Content Standards:
California Content Standards

English and Language Arts, Grade Five
Reading
Word Analysis, Fluency, and Systematic Vocabulary Development
Students use their knowledge of word origins and word relationships, as well as historical and literary context clues, to determine the meaning of specialized vocabulary and to understand the precise meaning of grade-level-appropriate words.
Vocabulary and Concept Development
ELA.5.1.2. Use word origins to determine the meaning of unknown words.
Reading Comprehension (Focus on Informational Materials)
Students read and understand grade-level-appropriate material. They describe and connect the essential ideas, arguments, and perspectives of the text by using their knowledge of text structure, organization, and purpose.
Structural Features of Informational Materials
ELA.5.2.1. Understand how text features (e.g., format, graphics, sequence, diagrams, illustrations, charts, maps) make information accessible and usable.
ELA.5.2.2. Analyze text that is organized in sequential or chronological order.
Comprehension and Analysis of Grade-Level-Appropriate Text
ELA.5.2.3. Discern main ideas and concepts presented in texts, identifying and assessing evidence that supports those ideas.
ELA.5.2.4. Draw inferences, conclusions, or generalizations about text and support them with textual evidence and prior knowledge.
Expository Critique
ELA.5.2.5. Distinguish facts, supported inferences, and opinions in text.
English and Language Arts, Grade Five
Writing
Writing Strategies
Students write clear, coherent, and focused essays. The writing exhibits the students' awareness of the audience and purpose. Essays contain formal introductions, supporting evidence, and conclusions. Students progress through the stages of the writing process as needed.
Research and Technology
ELA.5.1.3. Use organizational features of printed text (e.g., citations, end notes, bibliographic references) to locate relevant information.
ELA.5.1.4. Create simple documents by using electronic media and employing organizational features (e.g., passwords, entry and pull-down menus, word searches, the thesaurus, spell checks).
Evaluation and Revision
ELA.5.1.6. Edit and revise manuscripts to improve the meaning and focus of writing by adding, deleting, consolidating, clarifying, and rearranging words and sentences.
Writing Applications (Genres and Their Characteristics)
Students write narrative, expository, persuasive, and descriptive texts of at least 500 to 700 words in each genre. Student writing demonstrates a command of standard American English and the research, organizational, and drafting strategies outlined in Writing Standard 1.0.
ELA.5.2.3. Write research reports about important ideas, issues, or events by using the following guidelines:
a. Frame questions that direct the investigation.
b. Establish a controlling idea or topic.
c. Develop the topic with simple facts, details, examples, and explanations.
English and Language Arts, Grade Five
Listening and Speaking
Listening and Speaking Strategies
Students deliver focused, coherent presentations that convey ideas clearly and relate to the background and interests of the audience. They evaluate the content of oral communication.
Comprehension
ELA.5.1.1. Ask questions that seek information not already discussed.
ELA.5.1.2. Interpret a speaker's verbal and nonverbal messages, purposes, and perspectives.
ELA.5.1.3. Make inferences or draw conclusions based on an oral report.
Organization and Delivery of Oral Communication
ELA.5.1.4. Select a focus, organizational structure, and point of view for an oral presentation.
ELA.5.1.5. Clarify and support spoken ideas with evidence and examples.
ELA.5.1.6. Engage the audience with appropriate verbal cues, facial expressions, and gestures.
Analysis and Evaluation of Oral and Media Communications
ELA.5.1.7. Identify, analyze, and critique persuasive techniques (e.g., promises, dares, flattery, glittering generalities); identify logical fallacies used in oral presentations and media messages.
ELA.5.1.8. Analyze media as sources for information, entertainment, persuasion, interpretation of events, and transmission of culture.
Science, Grade Five
Life Sciences
Plants and animals have structures for respiration, digestion, waste disposal, and transport of materials.
As a basis for understanding this concept:
SCI.5.2.a. Students know many multicellular organisms have specialized structures to sup-port the transport of materials.
SCI.5.2.b. Students know how blood circulates through the heart chambers, lungs, and body and how carbon dioxide (CO2) and oxygen (O2) are exchanged in the lungs and tissues.
SCI.5.2.c. Students know the sequential steps of digestion and the roles of teeth and the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, and colon in the function of the digestive system.
SCI.5.2.d. Students know the role of the kidney in removing cellular waste from blood and converting it into urine, which is stored in the bladder.
SCI.5.2.g. Students know plant and animal cells break down sugar to obtain energy, a process resulting in carbon dioxide (CO2) and water (respiration).
ELA.5.1.4. Know abstract, derived roots and affixes from Greek and Latin and use this knowledge to analyze the meaning of complex words (e.g., controversial).

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